Birth control pills, or oral contraceptives, have been created at the end of 50-s – early 60-s of 20 century. Since that time this method of prevention of an unwanted pregnancy is one of the most popular methods of contraception among women. The efficiency of these medications, based on blocking of 2 hormones, promoted this popularity. The active components of oral contraceptives are combined into an efficient hormonal combination, which is able to thicken the cervical mucus and suppression of endometrium changes. Besides, working together, these hormones can succeed in prevention of ovulation that is a maturation of ovum and its releasing from ovary. Birth control pills provide women with the highest pregnancy preventing efficiency among non-surgical fertility control methods. But, every woman should keep in mind that oral hormonal contraceptives do not protect the couple from sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV and AIDS.
The synthetic hormones, contained in every oral contraceptive pill, are much like those produced by female organism. In a birth control medication they form a combination that affords to get up to 99% degree protection from an unwanted pregnancy, even if a woman failed to take up to 5 tablets in succession. But in this case a woman should consult a gyn or use a backup birth control method. Of course it’s better not to take risks as the breach of the intake schedule may lead to irregular periods and unexpected pregnancy. Every medication has detailed directions for using that should be carefully read before taking birth control pills. The remedy is to be taken daily at approximately the same time.
The peak of the efficiency is during the second period and if you use the medication for the first time, give yourself the trouble of using a second birth control method. Besides, the effect of birth control pills can be reduced by the effect of tranquilizers, antibiotics, analgesics and some other medicaments taken simultaneously with the contraceptive. As it was mentioned above, while taking oral contraceptives, nobody is protected from sexually transmitted diseases, that’s why their use is recommended only if you have a permanent sexual partner.
Don’t forget to ask your doctor about side effects that may cause your birth control medication. Practically all of the modern remedies for preventing unwanted pregnancy are expected to have secondary undesirable effects on the organism. But they are not necessary to be experienced by all the people who take it. Among these effects are: nausea, bloating, vomiting, dizziness, headache, irregular periods. If you feel a secondary effect for a while or they bother you, consult your doctor. But if you noticed some of the severe side effects (signs of a stroke, hypertension, short breathing, unexpected loss of a vision, jaundice, etc.) you should immediately find your doctor and get the proficient consultation. If you want to switch from birth control pills to another contraceptive, consult the gyn beforehand. Do not adjust the dosage. If you missed a dose make it up as soon as you remember it and use the second method of contraception (latex condoms, spermicides, diaphragm, etc.) to avoid an unwanted pregnancy.
One should store birth control pills in a dark, cold and dry place out of children’s access.